The use of evidence-based design to provide solutions to healthcare issues is shaping medical architecture. The discovery of pathogens in the late nineteenth century led to the development of clinical architectural aesthetics in which white, wipe-clean, sterile surfaces were the dominant typology. Now innovations in healthcare design are not only concerned with physical health but also mental health. This more holistic approach is central to patient wellbeing and has been proved in various studies to alleviate patient stress and even aid recovery rates. Roger Ulrich’s 1984 study “View through a Window May Influence Recovery from Surgery”, for the journal Science, was a landmark work for healthcare design and for the popularity of evidence-based design more broadly in architecture.
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